Phyco spectrum is an organization committed to research and development of algae based technology to deal with problems requiring “Green Solutions”. The main focus is to foster the interaction between academic expertise and on-field large –scale industrial requirements. Our operations include projects with different kinds of industries and institutions both in India and overseas.
Phycospectrum Environmental research Centre. (PERC)
PERC is an institutional facility for research in the field of environmental sciences, focusing presently on Pollution Control, Phycoremediation of industrial effluents and sewage, Algal biomass production, Carbon-di-oxide mitigation and bio-energy programs. MORE....
JABU is published by PHYCOSPECTRUM online and updated monthly. It is an international digital publication. .This journal will publish research articles, reviews and popular articles on algal biomass utilization and intended to be updated monthly. MORE...
Phycospectrum Consultancy:Phycospectrum provides consultancy to industries/institutes in the following aspects:
a. Phycoremediation Industrial effluent treatment . An effecient micro algae based effluent treatment technology to achieve reduction in BOD, COD, colour reduction, odour removal, pH correction and sludge reduction without using chemicals and a 90% reduction in operating costs and less space requirement. more
b. Sewage and wastewater treatment. PERC has a collection of robust micro algae suitable for sewage and wastewater treatment and production of valuable biomass and bioenergy. MORE
c. Flu gas/CO2 mitigation using algal farms/systems. PERC has optimized micro algal cultivation systems for handling flue gas. Pilot scale plants are being installed at several industries in India.
d.Phycocultivation: Algal farms for biomass generation. Algal biomass is an important resource for biofertilizers, bio-gas, bio-diesel,bio-ethanol, bio-methanol, nutraceuticals, pharmaceutricals, cattle and fish feed etc PERC has developed technology for growing algae in large scale farms.. MORE
Dr V Sivasubramanian and Dr V V Subramanian visited Universidad del Norte, Barranquilla, Colombia, to conduct a week long Algal technology programme during March 2012. This programme included conference on phycoremediation, workshop on algal isolation and cultivation and visits to industries in Colombia. Uni Norte, CORE BIOTECH and Phycospectrum join together to implement phycoremediation technology to treat industrial effluents and wastewater in Latin America. This programme was organized by the Biotechnology Research Group and the Group Rational Use of Energy and Environment Preservation, UREMA of Uni Norte An MOU has been signed between CORE BIOTECH and PERC for implementation of algal technology in Latin America. PHYCORE is a JV between these two institutes. . . Click here to view news video
- PHYCORE : Algae Power: A joint technology implementation programme between CORE BIOTECH, Colombia and Phycospectrum has been initiated with the successful installation of a 20 KL integrated tanks system (Pilot demonstration plant) at Pacific Rubiales oil drilling site near Bogota to treat petrochemical wastewater by employing micro algae. Based on the success of the pilot plant, scaled up plant is being designed for installation which will handle 300,000 barrels of petrochemical effluent every day!!!
20KL integrated tanks system and algal growth in the effluent at Pacific Rubiales, Colombia
Camaquey Slaughter house waste water pond and PHYCORE's Pilot Plant at Colombia
PERC's Collaboration with PML, UK
Project entitled “Using flow cytometry and genomics to characterize, understand andoptimize micro algal:bacterial consortia cultivated on waste water for the production of biofuel” supported by DBT, India and BBSRC, UK. (Reference: BT/IN/Indo-UK/SuBB/23/NT/2013 dated 30th August, 2013)
Micro algae are considered as favourite organisms for biofuels due to their higher photosynthetic efficiency and productivity than higher plants. Algal production still seems to be very expensive due to higher capex and opex costs. Integrating algal production systems with waste water treatment can reduce dependence on valuable freshwater and expensive nutrients. PERC, India has been involved in installing micro algae based effluent treatment systems in India and has a collection of robust algal species isolated from industrial effluent treatment sites. Interaction between symbiotic bacteria and micro algae plays a significant role in remediation and algal biomass production. Presence of bacterial population also would help in harvesting micro algae due to bioflocculating potentials. In depth study of this micro algal – bacterial interaction would help us understand the system better. This knowledge may help us in improving algal productivity and oil content and reducing cost of production considerably. Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK has the expertise and latest techniques to investigate this interaction and PERC and BDU, India have the expertise in handling micro algal – bacterial systems in pilot scale and beyond.
The present collaboration will benefit both the countries in gaining more knowledge on this very crucial aspect of bacterial and micro algal symbiotic association.
The research team includes Dr. N. Thajuddin and Dr G. Muralitharan of Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli - 620 024, India, Dr. V. Sivasubramanian, Director-Tech, Phycospectrum Environmental Research Centre (PERC), Anna Nagar, Chennai - 600 040.India and Dr. Carole Llewellyn, Dr Daniel White and Dr Karen Tait of Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, United Kingdom.
Dr. Carole Llewellyn and Dr Daniel White of PML, UK visiting PERC lab on 26th November 2013
PERC's Participation in Indo- European collaborative programme on Bio-mass and Bio-energy
- Dr V Sivasubramanian, Director - Tech, PERC, was invited to participate in Mini-SYMPOSIUM and TWINNING WORKSHOP- Developments in Sustainable Biomass Valorisation,EU-India R&D collaboration on Biomass and Biowaste held at Untrecht, The Netherlands during October 2013 under SAHYOG programme.
Dr V Sivasubramanian, PERC, at Panel Discussion of SAHYOG programme
PERC's Collaboration with LINK Digital -
Phycospectrum has entered into an exciting partnership with Linc Digital, a premiere wastewater treatment company based out of Gujarat which has undertaken a number of turnkey wastewater treatment projects in India. Phycospectrum is proud to announce that this collaboration with LincDigital now enables it to be the only turnkeyalgae-based effluent treatment solution provider in the country. We now have the ability to do EPC of a range of systems which can be custom-made to suit the needs of various industries.
Our solutions now include:-
- 1. Physico-chemical treatment for Suspended Solids removal
- 2. Algae-based biological treatment for COD and BOD reduction as well as for reduction of phosphates and nitrates
- 3. Tertiary treatment for final effluent polishing
- 4. Membrane based filtration steps like Ultra-Filtration and Reverse Osmosis
- 5. Algae based enhanced evaporation systems for efficient evaporation and sludge reduction.
- has installed pilot plants in Hettich Appliances at Vadodra, India and in Pasupati Acrylon, India
R & D Project supported by MNRE.
A major research project supported by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), New Delhi, is in progress at Phycospectrum. The main objective of this R&D project is to develop a viable technology to achieve maximum biomass productivity coupled with higher lipid production in micro algae. PMF based technology (Patent pending) has been developed to enhance algae productivity and oil.
Project Outcome :
Fabrication and demonstration of a Photobioreactor (PBR) of 20 litre capacity integrated with Pulse Magnetic Field (PMF) pulse generator on lab scale for the production of algal biomass with better growth rates and yield.
Significant achievements summarizing technology development and commercialization - Integration, optimization and standardization of PMF technology with 10 lit.capacity Photobioreactor and upscaled to 20 lit. capacity on laboratory scale to improve both productivity and biofuel efficiency in micro algae. The present technology was demonstrated with two micro algae viz. Chlorella vulgaris (micro green algae) and Chroococcus turgidus (micro blue green algae) exposed to various combinations of PMF (HZ and mG) in a 20 L PBR.
- The PMF technology concept was proved with encouraging results on laboratory scale i.e exposure to PMF for 4 to 6 hrs per day improved growth and oil production ( improved FAME %) with an added advantage of enhanced prodution of omega 3 fatty acids.
- These observations are very significant because a stress which enhances oil production will normally reduce biomass production ; but PMF stress enhanced production of both biomass and oil content in micro algae
PMF Integrated PBR designed by PERC
Flue gas/CO2 mitigation using micro algae technology - PERC demonstrated at ONGC's Hazira Plant
PERC has demonstrated algae technology to mitigate flue gas by employing its micro algae consortium. PERC's robust micro algal consortium is known for its efficacy in sequestering CO2/flue gas. The objectives of selection of micro algae, growing in a pilot plant at Hazira using scrubbed water have been achieved.
The algal consortium employed in this study grew very well as evident from the OD observations and dry weight measurements. When an optimized use of fertilizer mix as recommended by PERC was employed there was an improved growth (Fig 6) accompanied by better pH control (Fig 7). On an average dry weight of 0.5 g/L/day was achieved which is very significant in terms of productivity, as productivity is a measure of carbon fixation (for 1 g dry weight of algal biomass 1.86 grams of CO2 is fixed). The CO2 fixation potential of raceway pond is approximately 1 gram/L/day.
In the opinion of PERC this productivity will improve considerably if a hybridized vertical system with advanced illumination system (PERC’s) is installed while scaling up. Algal biomass has been provided to BITS GOA for further processing and methane production. more
Phycocultivation - Algal biomass production
PERC's unique nutrient formula makes the process of algal cultivation in waste water or clean water an economically viable process. PHYCO MIX and PHYCO FORT are two products formulated by PERC with improved productivity and easy application.
WORLD'S FIRST PHYCOREMEDIATION PLANT
World's First Phycoremediation plant: Dr V Sivasubramanian, has set up the First Phycoremediation plant at SNAP Industry. Algal remediation technology helps in pH correction of the acidic effluent and complete reduction of sludge formation. SNAP is now a zero disposal company. The phycoremediation plant has been in operation from September 2006. The effluent generated by the industry is highly acidic and of very high TDS (40000 mg/L). The entire effluent is evaporated using slope tank with zero sludge formation. The algal biomass produced is used in Biofertilizer preparation and sold by the Company. .......(.more )